23 March is the day celebrated each year in Pakistan with national fervor to commemorate the adoption of Pakistan resolution that was held on March 23, 1940, by the All India Muslim League.
The occasion took place at Iqbal Park Lahore, formerly known as Minto Park and was presented by A K Fazal ul Haqq. The day is famous from historical point of view as on this day, the Muslims of the subcontinent India showed up their interest and declared their commitment of having an independent state of their own.
The first person to demand a separate state for the Muslims of subcontinent because of the increasing differences between the Hindus and the Muslims. These differences included differences in religion, concept, norms, values and concepts. This resulted in a separate homeland for us.
Allama Iqbal further woke the conscience of Muslims through his philosophical work and efforts. The 23rd March resolution addressed the political and constitutional rights of the Muslims of British India and pointed out to the course of action. The intention behind all this was to secure the identity, interests and rights of the Muslims.
This resolution highlighted the principles relevant to the political context and modern state system and provide to be a successful struggle by the Muslims for a separate homeland. All of these efforts took a time period of almost seven years to get transformed into a real shape, a real meaning: Pakistan. it was the desire of the Muslims to live in a democratic Islamic state free from dictatorship.
The Real Struggle
The 23rd March resolution resulted into a new course of action for to the Muslims, as compared to the Muslim league position adapted in the past for constitutional and political issues, giving rise to the change in strategy, yet the goal always remained the same: an independent state for Muslims where they can live freely and fulfil their social, political and religious norms. Since the inception of the Muslim league in December 1906, the Muslims initiated their efforts for advancing a Muslim socio-cultural identity and get their rights and interests served.
- The changes in strategy and policies of the British government and Indian National Congress even fastened the efforts and growing desire of the Muslims for asserting their separate identity in social and political perspective.
- In the late 1940s, the demands of Muslims became even more assertive and by 1942, the focus of Muslims shifted to a single state. In 1944, Quaid-e-Azam made clear about the need of a single state, Pakistan, and the issue was finally clarified by the parliamentarians from major areas in India.
- Before March 1940. The evolutionary process of creation of Pakistan initiated and ended up with the acquiring of a separate independent homeland for the Muslims of subcontinent, the dreamland that all the Muslims were striving for.
Pakistan was a dream before, that was finally carved to reality and became a peaceful destiny for the Muslims.